Carpenters construct, erect, install or repair structures and fixtures made of wood; concrete forms; building frameworks including partitions, joists, studding and rafters; wood stairways, window and door frames; and hardwood floors using carpentry hand and power tools. They build wood framing for houses, roofs, stairs, decks and sheaths, and forms for concrete and frame buildings, walls, footings, columns and stairs. The trade also involves carpentry work to install cabinets, siding drywall and insulation. Carpenters install doors, windows, store fronts and hand rails, building cabinets and counter tops and may work on dry wall, wood flooring, metal jambs and ceilings. They are skilled in interior and exterior finish work and are able to read blueprints, measure accurately and calculate dimensions.
Carpenters may work indoors and outdoors in various weather conditions requiring prolonged standing, climbing, kneeling, squatting and lifting heavy materials. Working conditions vary with each job and may include working on ladders and scaffolding. Carpenters are occasionally exposed to fumes and dust. Ongoing safety training is provided to avoid job site accidents. Extensive traveling may be required.
Apprentices receive classroom instruction in safety, first aid, blueprint reading, freehand sketching, basic mathematics and different carpentry techniques.